By Robert Holzmann
Social security & exertions on the international financial institution, 2000-2008 offers a growth overview of the sphere approach via the area financial institution, released in early 2001. the method proposed a brand new conceptual framework Social threat administration to study and reform latest interventions and suggest new ones that higher help susceptible humans in addressing the numerous dangers to which they're uncovered. in line with this framework and according to the area financial institution s imaginative and prescient and project of poverty aid and inclusive and sustainable globalization, the SP&L technique has 3 huge coverage targets:
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Extra resources for Social Protection & Labor at the World Bank, 2000-2008
For example, when faced with uncertainty about the weather, a household may cultivate crops that are less sensitive to weather variability, thereby altering yields and reducing income variability when bad weather occurs. Alternatively, a household may choose to join a savings group or rely on informal, community-based insurance to ensure access to resources if a shock hits the household. Coping strategies are used to relieve the impact of the shock after it has occurred. Among the most common coping strategies are reducing consumption, selling assets, seeking help from friends and family, borrowing, working longer hours, and relying on support from government programs.
In some cases, this work has taken the form of freestanding reports, often referred to as risk and vulnerability assessments (RVAs). In other cases, R&V analysis has been included in poverty assessments (PAs),3 in safety net assessments, and in broader reports on social protection (SP) policies and programs. Formal economic and sector work (ESW) has been complemented by informal background papers, including research papers and operational policy notes. For purposes of this chapter, the term R&V analysis refers to this broad body of work.
By focusing on (a) assisting individuals, households, and communities to better manage risk and (b) providing support for the critically poor, the SRM approach recognizes the importance of risk management instruments for protecting the poor from shocks and allowing them to engage in higher return, higher risk activities. 1). Risk management strategies are important before and after shocks occur. Measures taken before a shock are intended to reduce the likelihood that the shock will occur. If a shock cannot be prevented (for example, bad weather), then the aim is to mitigate its effects.