By Eric Dunning
1999 North American Society for the Sociology of recreation Annual ebook Award recreation concerns deals a complete advent to the learn of recent recreation from a sociological standpoint. It covers such subject matters because the background of activity, the advance of rules of 'fair play', recreation and the sentiments, the professionalization of activity, race-relations and game and activity and gender.Unique in its cross-cultural research, it makes use of examples from worldwide, together with activities spectator violence in North the US, the expansion of overseas football and the position of game within the ecu identification.
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Additional resources for Sport Matters: Sociological Studies of Sport, Violence and Civilisation
The sorts of things we had in mind were flirting at parties and such primarily male activities as telling risqué jokes, singing ‘dirty’ songs and playing at drinking games of the type which, in Britain, became traditionally associated with rugby clubs. Of course, as with every kind of risk taking, we recognized that in this sort of context people sometimes go too far and do serious social, psychological and even physical damage to themselves, to others and to their relationships. By ‘motility’, we meant movement and were referring to such leisure activities as dance and a crucial dimension of sports.
In an early essay, I used the fact of team identifications to cast doubts on the conventional concept of catharsis, pointing out that passionately committed sports fans are liable to be deeply frustrated if the team they support loses and may well aggressively ‘take it out’ on others through verbal and/or physical violence (Dunning, 1972). A further criticism can be levelled at one aspect of what Elias wrote independently on leisure. In his introduction to Quest for Excitement, he made a number of references to ‘stress tensions’.
We also hypothesized that, as part of the same overall and, on balance, civilizing development, a complementary development has occurred in the sport and leisure field: the development of emotionally stimulating and arousing activities and institutions. It is important, though, to grasp that these have been subjected to the same sorts of civilizing constraints as the other spheres of modern life. That is why we spoke of the ‘controlled de-controlling of emotional 29 O N T H E E M O T I O N S I N S P O RT A N D L E I S U R E controls’ (Elias, 1986b: 44 and 49).