By Maurice Stewart
The newest variation of this best-selling name is up-to-date and increased for simpler use by means of engineers. New to this version is a bit at the basics of floor creation operations taking over themes from the oilfield as initially deliberate by means of the authors within the first version. this data is important and endemic to creation and procedure engineers. Now, the e-book bargains a really whole photo of floor creation operations, from the construction level to the method level with purposes to approach and creation engineers.
· New in-depth insurance of hydrocarbon features, the various forms of reservoirs, and impurities in crude.
· sensible feedback support readers comprehend the paintings and technological know-how of dealing with produced liquids.
· quite a few, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and photographs truly clarify tips on how to layout, specify, and function oilfield floor construction amenities.
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Extra resources for Surface production operations. / Volume 1, Design of oil handling systems and facilities
Treaters can be built without fire tubes, which makes them look very much like separators. Oil treating can also be done by settling or in gunbarrel tanks, which have either external or internal gas boots. A gunbarrel tank with an internal gas boot is shown in Figure 1-9. Production facilities must also accommodate accurate measuring and sampling of the crude oil. This can be done automatically with a Lease Automatic Custody Transfer (LACT) unit or by gauging in a calibrated tank. Figure 1-10 shows a typical LACT unit.
In a heater a temperature controller measures the process temperature and signals a fuel valve to let either more or less fuel to the burner. In a heat exchanger the temperature controller could signal a valve to allow more or less of the heating or cooling media to bypass the exchanger. Flow Control It is very rare that flow must be controlled in an oil field process. Normally, the control of pressure, level, and temperature is sufficient. Occasionally, it is necessary to assure that flow is split in some controlled manner between two process components in parallel, or perhaps to maintain a certain critical flow through a component.
A corrugated plate interceptor (CPI) used for treating water. Note that the top plates are removable so that maintenance can be performed on the plates located internally to the unit. 8 Surface Production Operations Figure 1-12. A horizontal skimmer vessel for primary separation of oil from water with a gas ﬂotation unit for secondary treatment located in the foreground. Treated water from the ﬂotation efﬂuent is recycled by the pump to each of the three cells. Gas is sucked into the stream from the gas space on top of the water by a venture and dispersed in the water by a nozzle.