Download Surface Production Operations, Volume 1, Third Edition: by Maurice Stewart PDF

By Maurice Stewart

The newest variation of this best-selling name is up to date and accelerated for simpler use by means of engineers. New to this variation is a bit at the basics of floor construction operations taking over subject matters from the oilfield as initially deliberate via the authors within the first version. this data is critical and endemic to creation and method engineers. Now, the ebook bargains a really entire photograph of floor creation operations, from the construction degree to the method level with purposes to method and creation engineers. ?· New in-depth assurance of hydrocarbon features, the several types of reservoirs, and impurities in crude.?· useful feedback aid readers comprehend the paintings and technological know-how of dealing with produced liquids.?· quite a few, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and images sincerely clarify the way to layout, specify, and function oilfield floor construction amenities.

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Additional info for Surface Production Operations, Volume 1, Third Edition: Design of Oil Handling Systems and Facilities

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In the stock tank, the presence of these large numbers of molecules creates a low partial pressure for the intermediate-range Surface Production Operations Fluid Production, BPD 32 200 OR RAT EPA S M D QUI FRO I AL L TOT 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1800 2000 Pressure, psia EQUIV ALEN T STO Fluid Production, BPD CK-TA 200 400 600 800 1000 NK LIQ UID 1200 1400 1600 Pressure, psia Figure 2-6. Effect of separator pressure on stock-tank liquid recovery. hydrocarbons (butanes, pentane, and heptane) whose flashing tendency at stock tank conditions is very susceptible to small changes in partial pressure.

This is called a “free-water knockout” (FWKO) because it is designed to separate the free water from the oil and emulsion, as well as separate gas from liquid. The choice depends on the expected flowing characteristics of the wells. If large amounts of water are expected with the high-pressure wells, it is possible that the size of the other separators could be reduced if the high-pressure separator was three-phase. This would not normally be the case for a facility such as that shown in Figure 2-1 where individual wells are expected to flow at different flowing tubing pressures (FTPs).

Salt must also be removed from produced crude. This is typically done by mixing 5% fresh water with dehydrated crude and then dehydrating it a second time so as to meet the total suspended solids (TDS) content requirement. Salt content specifications range from 10 to 25 pounds per thousand barrels (PPB). As the last step in production, crude may be run through a stabilizer where its vapor pressure is reduced to allow nonvolatile liquid to be stored in tanks at atmospheric pressure or loaded onto tankers.

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