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By Norman Blake

Quantity II offers with the center English interval, nearly 1066-1476, and describes and analyzes advancements within the language from the Norman Conquest to the advent of printing. this era witnessed very important positive factors similar to the assimilation of French and the emergence of a regular number of English. There are chapters on phonology and morphology, syntax, dialectology, lexis and semantics, literary language, and onomastics. each one bankruptcy concludes with a piece on extra analyzing; and the amount as an entire is supported via an in depth word list of linguistic phrases and a complete bibliography. The chapters are written by means of experts who're accustomed to sleek methods to the learn of historic linguistics.

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Extra info for The Cambridge History of the English Language, Vol. 2: 1066-1476 (Volume 2)

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As it appears in a title like The Structure of Modern English). The sociohistorical development of the language has been such that the most widely spoken and familiar varieties derive from the prestige dialects of the capital and their near relations. For instance, the upwardly mobile speaker of a broad local dialect in any part of Britain, in attempting to become more 'standard', willy-nilly becomes more ' southern' as well. A northerner who learns to distinguish cud and could (both natively /kud/) as /kAd/ vs /kud/ is - whatever his view of the procedure might be - from a dialectological point of view moving south across a major isogloss.

PDE written, write). He thus becomes a very important source of evidence for vowel length in early Middle English — especially since, if we take his etymologically supported spellings seriously, we can also find in unexpected ones signs of historical changes taking place in his time. 2). 4 Old and Middle English dialects and the London bias This chapter and its equivalent in volume III are biased toward the evolution of what we might loosely call the ' modern standard', or to use a term of John Wells (1982), 'general English'.

Important for the general background are David Knowles, The Monastic Order in England (2nd edn, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963) and The Religious Orders in England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948—59). Further reading for the relationship between French and English is dealt with at the end of chapter 5. The development of the London dialect is considered in Mackenzie 1928 and some background to immigration into London is provided in Ekwall 1956. Aspects of the development of London standards are considered in various articles by Samuels, now available in Smith 1989.

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