By Adrián Sotelo Valencia
This e-book analyses the approaches, mutations and tendencies presently characterising the area of labor which are sure up in the deep contradictions of a world capitalist procedure bothered via systemic concern, the place the outdated Fordist and Keynesian kingdom order has been substituted through a minimum, pro-business neoliberal kingdom based at the in depth restructuring of monetary and effective platforms and paintings corporation, characterized via labour deregulation, flexibility, super-exploitation and social precariousness. it is a paintings that illustrates the paradigmatic transition from social and labour kin in accordance with activity safety, finished collective agreements and warranted social rights, in the direction of new social relatives that locate their technical, political and organizational roots in task lack of confidence, paintings rotation and huge social lack of confidence, more often than not expressed within the systemic and growing to be lack of social and labour rights by means of employees the area over.
First released in Spanish by way of the Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales de los angeles UNAM and Editorial Miguel Ángel de Porrúa as Los rumbos del trabajo. Superexplotación y precariedad social en el siglo XXI, Mexico, 2012.
Adrián Sotelo Valencia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), is Professor and Researcher of the LatinCentro de Estudios Latinoamericanos on the college of Political and Social Sciences UNAM, Mexico. He has released e-book and plenty of articles on Latin American matters, sociology of labor and dependency theory.
All drawn to sociology of labor and difficulties of dependency in Latin the USA.
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Additional info for The Future of Work: Super-exploitation and Social Precariousness in the 21st Century
In this logic, any worker who does not intervene in these functions as a member of the collective worker should therefore be considered an unproductive worker while the worker who indeed participates is understood to be a productive worker; one that belongs, therefore, to the working class, which at its core “… understands distinct types of workers and is organised in differentiated strata, in some of which its members are relocated ‘to the margin’ of the direct producers of value. ”28 27 28 Marx, “Results,” 1039–40.
That this barrier would be reached sooner or later was logically foreseeable. From birth, the commodity-producing system suffers from a fatal contradiction in terms. On the one hand, it lives on the massive intake of human energy generated by the expenditure of pure labour power—the more the better. 26 The authors conclude that the root cause of capitalist crisis, such as that which shook the United States during the great crash of 1929–1933, lies in this contradiction. On the other hand, the phenomenon caused by the crisis of relative surplus value has been translated into a strengthening of fictitious capital27 which is driving a decline in the average growth rate of the global productive system.
For now the immense Capital-labour As Antipodes? ”18 Moreover, there is a contradictory relationship between labour and capital which makes modern society inconceivable without the permanent antagonism of the two. And so, while capital’s dependency on labor is absolute—in that capital is absolutely nothing without labour, which it must permanently exploit— labor’s dependency on capital is relative, historically created and historically surmountable. 19 In certain periods, the subjects of the world of labour are kept alienated by the force of capital’s (ideological, administrative, cultural, political, juridical, repressive—all combined) instruments of class domination.