By Michael H. Long, Catherine J. Doughty
The guide of moment Language Acquisition offers an built-in dialogue of key, and infrequently debatable, matters in moment language acquisition learn. Discusses the organic and cognitive underpinnings of SLA, mechanisms, tactics, and constraints on SLA, the extent of final attainment, learn equipment, and the prestige of SLA as a cognitive technology. comprises contributions from twenty-seven of the world's best students. presents a useful source for all scholars and students of human cognition, together with these in linguistics, psychology, utilized linguistics, ESL, overseas languages, and cognitive technological know-how.
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Additional info for The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition (Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics)
Schwartz, B. D. and Sprouse, R. 1994: Word order and nominative case in nonnative language acquisition: a longitudinal study of (L1 Turkish) German interlanguage . In T. Hoekstra and B. D. Schwartz (eds), Language Acquisition Studies in Generative Grammar . Amsterdam: John Benjamins , 317 68. Schwartz, B. D. and Sprouse, R. 1996: L2 cognitive states and the full transfer/ full access model . Second Language Research , (12) , 40 72. Schwartz, B. D. and Sprouse, R. 2000: When syntactic theories evolve: consequences for L2 acquisition research .
13), but differences arise on one important point. In one class of acquisition theories, a significant portion of the grammar is taken to be “given in advance” by the acquisition device. 1). Such theories are instances of what might be called “grammatical nativism,” since they adopt the view that the innate endowment for language includes actual grammatical categories and principles. Elsewhere, I have referred to this view as “special nativism” (O'Grady, 1997, p. 307), because of its commitment to the existence of innate mechanisms with a specifically grammatical character (see also White, this volume).
1 For a more recent treatment of this phenomenon, see Noguchi (1997). 2 The examples are drawn from Kanno (1997). The following abbreviations are used: NOM = nominative; ACC = accusative; TOP = topic. 3 Of course native speaker control groups should be included in experiments in order to make sure that the test instrument achieves what it is meant to test. This is a different matter. , Pollock, 1989). 5 Where features are weak, feature checking is achieved by the mechanism of covert movement (Chomsky, 1995).