Download The Java language specification (TM) Language Specification by James Gosling, Bill Joy, Guy Steele, Gilad Bracha PDF

By James Gosling, Bill Joy, Guy Steele, Gilad Bracha

Written through the inventors of the expertise, The Java(tm) Language Specification, moment variation is the definitive technical reference for the Java(tm) programming language. so one can comprehend the appropriate that means of the language's constructs, this is often the resource for you. The ebook offers whole, exact, and specific assurance of the syntax and semantics of the Java programming language. It describes all points of the language, together with the semantics of every kind, statements, and expressions, in addition to threads and binary compatibility

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Thus this document does not describe reflection in any detail. Many linguistic constructs have analogues in the reflection API, but these are generally not discussed here. So, for example, when we list the ways in which an object can be created, we generally do not include the ways in which the reflective API can accomplish this. Readers should be aware of these additional mechanisms even though they are not mentioned in this text. 4 References Apple Computer. Dylan™ Reference Manual. , Cupertino, California.

4, neither of the characters CR and LF is ever considered to be an InputCharacter; each is recognized as constituting a LineTerminator. It is a compile-time error for a line terminator to appear after the opening " and before the closing matching ". 1). 4), and so the string literal is not valid in step 3. 6). Similarly, it is not correct to write "\u000d" for a string literal containing a single carriage return (CR). Instead use "\r". 3). String objects have a constant value. intern. 1). • Literal strings within different classes in the same package represent references to the same String object.

4). The finite nonzero values of any floating-point value set can all be expressed in the form s ⋅ m ⋅ 2 ( e – N + 1 ) , where s is +1 or –1, m is a positive integer less than 2 N , and e is an integer between E min = – ( 2 K – 1 – 2 ) and E max = 2 K – 1 – 1 , inclusive, and where N and K are parameters that depend on the value set. Some values can be represented in this form in more than one way; for example, supposing that a value v in a value set might be represented in this form using certain values for s, m, and e, then if it happened that m were even and e were less than 2 K – 1 , one could halve m and increase e by 1 to produce a second representation for the same value v.

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