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By Rafael de la Cruz

This ebook bargains a breakthrough find out how the recent decentralized institutional preparations impact neighborhood fiscal improvement. particularly, it analyzes how neighborhood governments can use their expanding powers and obligations to enhance productiveness and caliber of existence of their territories.

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Extra resources for The Local Alternative: Decentralization and Economic Development

Sample text

Wescott (2005) provides a review of these arrangements and identifies the questions they raise for Asia Pacific nations and for the Asian Development Bank. Finance and Local Economic Development The major question addressed in literature and in practice concerns the division of labor in the financing of programs to support business development and foster LED. The basic issue is quite similar to that in intergovernmental finance, that is, how to close horizontal and vertical gaps (Boadway and Shah, 2007).

To take on these challenges, local governments must encourage greater autonomy in the process (by simplifying licensing, 28 TIM CAMPBELL permits, and taxation, and by clarifying zoning) while at the same time provide incentives for existing and new investors in the community who seek to take advantage of a business-friendly climate. Deeper implementation of decentralized governance, though designed to enable local governments to play a greater role in local affairs, has sometimes overwhelmed local governments, rendering them less, not more, capable of handling these new challenges along with the corresponding functions of promoting participation to enable cooperation and collaboration.

Other problems include the crowding out of local concerns by national issues, low voter turnout (with some exceptions, turnouts are in decline in Eurasia, Europe, and North America and in some parts of East Asia and Asia Pacific), and troubling issues with campaign finance and electoral rules. Modes of participation. The ways in which local citizens participate— such as expressing their interests and making choices—are the most 24 TIM CAMPBELL colorful and innovative spots in the unfolding story of decentralization and democracy around the globe.

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