Download The Mystery of Yawning in Physiology and Disease (Frontiers by O. Walusinski PDF

By O. Walusinski

Yawning is a stereotyped phylogenetically historic phenomenon that happens in just about all vertebrates. As an emotional habit and an expressive flow, yawning has many results; however, it has to date been poorly addressed in scientific examine and perform. Bringing jointly the newest study from many fields, this quantity integrates present insights inside of embryology, ethology, neurophysiology, psychology, fMRI and pathology. The phylogenetic and ontogenetic facets of yawning provide an attractive standpoint on human improvement, and its prevalence in neurological illnesses - a space explored through just a couple of investigators - may supply invaluable scientific info. This ebook will make beneficial and engaging analyzing to neurologists, sleep experts, psychologists, ethologists and pharmacologists, in addition to to anyone drawn to uncovering the secret of yawning.

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Additional resources for The Mystery of Yawning in Physiology and Disease (Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience, Vol. 28)

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He thus showed that during the culmination of yawning, pharyngolaryngeal diameter is multiplied by four. He also described the first works of P. Passouant, who triggered experimental yawning in cats by electrostimulation of the hypothalamus. In addition to mentioning involuntary parakinesis in the paralyzed arm of a hemiplegic, he reported the unusual observation of D. Furtado, in which passive movement in the paralyzed arm of a polio patient triggered yawning, which has never been reported since [86].

This movement pattern is nonrepetitive in the fetus, contrarily to adults. Yawning appears to be clearly not just a matter of opening one’s mouth, but a generalized stretching of muscles, especially Fetal Yawning 33 those of the respiratory tract (diaphragm, intercostals), face and neck. Thus, it can be inferred that yawning is a part of the generalized stretch with which it is generally accompanied [11]. Embryology and Mechanisms In 1973, T. ’ The truth of these quotations is illustrated by yawning.

27 Hartley D: Explication physique des sens, des idées et des mouvements tant volontaires qu’involontaires. , 1755. 28 Smith CU: David Hartley’s newtonian neuropsychology. J Hist Behav Sci 1987;23:123–136. 29 Webb ME: The early medical studies and practice of Dr. David Hartley. Bull Hist Med 1989;63:618–636. 30 Porée CG: Essay sur le bâillement. Mémoire de l’Académie des Belles-Lettres de Caen, séance du 5 février 1756. Caen, 1757. 31 Raulin J: Traité des affections vaporeuses du sexe. , 1758. 32 Dufieu JF: Traité de physiologie.

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