By D D Colwell, M J Hall, P J Scholl
This ebook offers a complete dialogue on present wisdom at the biology of oestrid flies. It comprises 14 chapters, every one devoted to the dialogue of the oestrid flies' systematics, morphology, host-parasite relationships, and lifestyles heritage. an in depth survey of every genus is defined. particular adjustments among the flies' grownup and larval levels are emphasised. Such discussions should be of serious value to researchers in entomology, parasitology, biology and veterinary technological know-how. to be had In Print
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Additional info for The oestrid flies: biology, host-parasite relationships, impact and management
Still, with Cuterebra probably having evolved in the Neotropics, the ancestral cuterebrine habitat may well have been humid tropical forests. In the Gasterophilinae, Neocuterebra and Ruttenia are restricted to West and Central African rainforests (Zumpt, 1965). , 2001), the absence of records from savannah elephants could indicate ecological requirements not unlike those of Dermatobia. In tropical Asia, Gyrostigma sumatrensis is associated with the rainforest-dwelling Sumatran rhino, but other members of the Gasterophilinae as well as species of Oestrinae appear ecologically more versatile and are generally found wherever suitable hosts occur.
2002; DeBry, 2003). With the number of Neotropical host records of Cuterebra spp. still fragmentary and grossly insufficient for reliable assessment of host–parasite associations, a tentative informed guess at the ancestral cuterebrine host would point to a rodent. The broad host range of Dermatobia is difficult to interpret and provides limited 28 T. Pape information in this context if the low specificity is considered autapomorphic. The apparent absence of native non-hystricomorph rodents on the D.
Optimizing migration on the cladogram will provide tentative support for the multiple evolution of first-instar tissue migration in the bot flies: in the lineage leading to Cuterebra, in the lineage leading to the ungulate-parasitizing Hypodermatini and somewhere along the gasterophiline lineage, the exact position depending on the presence/absence of migratory behaviour in first-instars of Cobboldia and Gyrostigma. Main Position of Larvae The main position of a larva is here defined as the position in the host where most of the growth takes place.