By Eric Lawrence Gans
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This publication explores the character of finiteness, considered one of most typically used notions in descriptive and theoretical linguistics yet in all likelihood one of many least understood. students representing numerous theoretical positions search to elucidate what it's and to set up its usefulness and boundaries. In doing in order that they demonstrate cross-linguistically legitimate correlations among topic licensing, topic contract, annoying, syntactic opacity, and self reliant clausehood; convey how those homes are linked to finiteness; and talk about what this suggests for the content material of the class.
Das Temperament pr#228;gt den Charakter. Nie kam dies deutlicher zum Ausdruck als in den verschiedensten Einsatzm#246;glichkeiten des Fliegers im Zweiten Weltkrieg. »Die Bomber hatten eine vom Jagdflieger verschiedene Einstellung«, schreibt Werner Baumbach #252;ber den Typ des Kampffliegers. »Die paintings ihres Einsatzes #252;ber weite Strecken, in das Hinterland des Feindes, #252;ber See, bei Schlechtwetter und bei Nacht, der geschlossene Angriff im Verbandsflug, #252;berhaupt die Eigenschaften des langsameren Bomberfluges, all das bestimmt das Gesicht des Kampffliegers, der #228;u#223;erlich ruhiger, ausdauernder, gesetzter (in der Jagdfliegersprache: »sturer«) erschien.
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Extra info for The Origin of Language: A Formal Theory of Representation
But were it not for this otherness, the sign would have no functionjust as our hypothesis would be use(ess were the origins of human culture not in the same way inaccessible and yet presentifiable through representation. Chap", 2 The Origin of Representation OUf introductory remarks have suggested a foundation for the social sciences, conceived fundamentally as specialized branches of the study of representations. But it does not suffice merely to propose a methodology in general terms as a model for the "reform" of already established disciplines.
Such an identity could no doubt be established independently of any specific form of represen· tation, but its very establishment implies that only through language could representation reflect on itself and thus T H E ORIGIN OF REPRESENTATION 31 become an object of study. Only by situating language at the origin of representation can the theory remain an application of its own doctrine. Were language merely a derivative of ritual, nothing could explain its privileged role as vehicle of the (hypothetical) truth.
The choice of universal love and peace, even supposing that it could somehow be made by humanity as a whole, can only be maintained by means of systems of representation; and this is as true of a family or a couple of lovers as it is of humani ty in genera l. The utopia of immediacy is by no means a necessary con sequ ence of even the institu ti onal theory, although this theory can only avoid it through (he invocation of a transcendent agency. We shall return to these questions in our concluding chapter.