By János László
The technological know-how of Stories explores the position narrative performs in human lifestyles. Supported by way of in-depth learn, the booklet demonstrates how the ways that humans inform their tales will be indicative of ways they build their worlds and their very own identities.
Based on linguistic research and computing device know-how, Laszlo bargains an cutting edge method which goals to discover underlying mental strategies in narrative texts. The reader is gifted with a theoretical framework in addition to a sequence of experiences which discover the best way a scientific linguistic research of narrative discourse may end up in a systematic research of id construction, both person and group.
The publication offers a serious evaluation of prior narrative theories and summarizes past clinical makes an attempt to discover relationships among language and character. It additionally bargains with social reminiscence and team identification: a variety of narrative different types of old representations (history books, folks narratives, ancient novels) are analyzed as to how they build the previous of a state.
The technology of Stories is the 1st e-book to construct a bridge among clinical and hermeneutic reviews of narratives. As such, it is going to be of significant curiosity to a various spectrum of readers in social technological know-how and the liberal arts, together with these within the fields of cognitive technological know-how, social psychology, linguistics, philosophy, literary experiences and history.
Read Online or Download The Science of Stories: An Introduction to Narrative Psychology PDF
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Additional info for The Science of Stories: An Introduction to Narrative Psychology
It is high time, however, that we take our ignorance more seriously. … We have indeed in many fields learnt enough to know that we cannot know all that we would have to know for a full explanation of the phenomena. What we must get rid of is the naive superstition that the world must be so organized that it is possible by direct observation to discover simple regularities between all phenomena and that this is a necessary presupposition for the application of the scientific method. What we have by now discovered about the organization of many complex structures should be sufficient to teach us that there is no reason to expect this, and that if we want to get ahead in these fields our aims will have to be somewhat different from what they are in the fields of simple phenomena.
Indd 21 21/4/08 08:38:33 22 Foundations of narrative psychology and interpreted by these abstract rules, is challenged by many researchers. Instead, they attribute more fundamental significance to event schemas. In experiments investigating story retention Black and Bower (1980) and Trabasso et al. (1984) obtained results which demonstrate that the understanding and retention of stories is dependent on causal chains created on the basis of the logical structures of world knowledge relating to social action rather than on cognitive structures presupposed by story memory.
Indd 20 21/4/08 08:38:33 Foundations of narrative psychology 21 using a first person plural subject and present tense that is devoid of a historical dimension, she could make the distinction obvious. Story-like narratives necessarily contain some sort of a knot, a deviation from the natural, canonic course of events. Certain authors, for instance Prince (1973), maintain that any change of state is a sufficient criterion for constituting a story. In this view a story must have at least three constituents: a starting state, an event and a modified state.