By Htin Aung
I t was once the unanimous verdict of British and American historians that the Kings of Burma have been boastful barbarians, completely with none wisdom of international relations and diplomatie perform, whose silly activities compelled the British to annex the countr)'. even if the una nimity was once damaged in 1962 by means of pass over Dorothy Woodman in her remarkable paintings The Making 01 Burma, it nonetheless is still the bulk verdict, and has even been re-affirmed. Mr. E. C. V. Foucar, who expressed his verdict in 1944 in They Reigned in Mandalay, proven it in 1963 in Mandalay the Golden. Professor John F. Cady, who fuHy agreed with the decision in 1960 in A historical past 01 smooth Burma, has changed his opinion in simple terms in regards to the second one Anglo-Burmese warfare, in his recendy released paintings South-East Asia: fts ancient improvement. the decision is an ex parte one, simply because no attention used to be given to the Burmese aspect ofview or to the Burmese assets ofhistory. extra over, it used to be arrived at on fake and fraudulent facts. The British fought 3 wars opposed to the Burmese throughout the interval 1824-1886. For the 1st battle, either the British and the Burmese needs to percentage the blame, and exeept for the nice disparity in fingers, it used to be a yet after gaining out of the 3 Burmese maritime reasonable fight.
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Additional info for The Stricken Peacock: Anglo-Burmese Relations 1752–1948
Symes was again able to dear away the atmosphere of suspicion and prejudice and he obtained a letter from the King which again permitted the British to send an agent to Rangoon. He was also given a verbal assurance in the King's name that no demand for the wholesale expulsion of the Arakanese refugees would ever again be made. In spite of the success of the mission, the Governor-General decided 1 D. G. E. Hall, A History 01 South-East Asia, op. , p. 561. ATTEMPTS AT DIPLOMACY 25 that the new resident at Rangoon should not represent the East India Company but should represent only the envoy Symes.
Bagyidaw considered that unless Assam was actually annexed by the Burmese, chaotic conditions would continue to prevail, which would give the excuse sooner or later to the British to enter the fray. In Manipur, there were signs of an impending dedaration of independence against the Burmese. Bagyidaw feared that the British would take over Manipur, and accordingly he decided to annex it also. This idea of annexation was a new thing in Burmese political philosophy, and the Burmese doubtless learned it from the actions of the East India Company in India and Ceylon.
Therefore, it will be nearer the truth to say that the Burmese went to war out of sheer desperation. In any case, without any diplomatie relations existing between the two countries and with a long and disturbed frontier in between, war was inevitable. On January 18, 1824, units of the Burmese army crossed the frontier at Manipur into British-Indian territory; and when ehallenged by some British forees near the Indian town of Cachar, they announeed that war had begun between the Burmese and the British.