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By Andreĭ Valʹterovich Grinev

The Tlingits, the most important Indian staff in Alaska, have lived in Alaska's coastal southwestern area for hundreds of years and primary met non-Natives in 1741 in the course of an come across with the workforce of the Russian explorer Alexei Chirikov. The unstable and intricate connections among the Tlingits and their Russian acquaintances, in addition to British and American voyagers and investors, are the topic of this vintage paintings, first released in Russian and now revised and up-to-date for this English-language version. Andrei Val’terovich Grinev bases his account on hundreds of thousands of files from records in Russia and the U.S.; he additionally will depend on legit experiences, the notes of tourists, the investigations of historians and ethnographers, museum collections, atlases, illustrations, and photographs. Grinev outlines an image of conventional Tlingit society sooner than touch with Europeans after which analyzes interactions among the Tlingit humans and novices. He examines the alterations that came about within the Tlingits' conventional fabric and religious tradition, in addition to army affairs, throughout the Russian-American interval. He additionally considers the dynamics of the Tlingits' inhabitants, the rise in interethnic marriage, their relationships with eu immigrants, and their ethnology. (20070321)

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Extra info for The Tlingit Indians in Russian America, 1741-1867

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Lisianskii, who determined it to be 10,000 people (Lisianskii 1812:151). ——— However, he did not indicate whether women and children were included Normal in this figure. Almost simultaneously with Lisianskii, N. P. Rezanov, on the basis of information taken by Russian promyshlenniki (see glossary) and allied * PgEnds: Eskimos, in 1806 produced an approximate calculation of the inhabitants of Tlingit settlements known to the Russians. According to his list, the Tlingit [28], (14 tribe numbered, in fighting men only, more than 10,000.

Woven ceremonial cloaks, prepared using a technique the Tlingit borrowed from the Tsimshian, were one of the best examples of the Northwest Coast Indians’ art and craftsmanship. The Tlingit wove the cloaks from the down and wool of mountain goats on a bast foundation, usually with a very complex totemic composition. Items from the Chilkat kwáan were especially famous, therefore these ceremonial cloaks acquired the name “Chilkat blanket” or simply “Chilkat” in the English-language literature. The Tlingit knew how to work native copper even before the Europeans appeared in Alaska.

Statements by Georg H. von Langsdorff (1812:2:96) and Veniaminov (1840a:60) that the Tlingit allegedly did not eat whale meat [39], (25) or oil are refuted both by information from travelers and by the Indians themselves (Jacobs and Jacobs 1982:119). Regarding this, Litke wrote: “They Lines: 332 drink whale oil from dippers: this is a delicacy, taking the place among them ——— of champagne for our dinner” (Litke 1834:164). 5pt P In the food, many kinds of birds and birds’ eggs were used as well as various ——— sorts of berries, roots, tubers, and greens.

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