By Todd Shelly, Nancy Epsky, Eric B. Jang, Jesus Reyes-Flores, Roger Vargas
The booklet specializes in 4 wide themes regarding trapping of agriculturally very important tephritid fruit flies, specifically i) lures and traps, ii) invasion biology and detection of infestations, iii) allure and kill structures, and iv) exchange laws and danger review. This finished constitution progresses from the organic interplay among insect and lures/traps to the area-wide use of trapping structures to the usage and impression of trapping info on overseas alternate. The chapters comprise debts of prior learn yet usually are not easily compendia and as a substitute evaluation previous and present paintings as a device for severe research and idea of efficient avenues for destiny paintings. at this time there's no e-book to be had that bargains with fruit fly trapping in this kind of extensive context. Our booklet fills this hole and serves as an international reference for either these drawn to fruit flies particularly in addition to someone facing the specter of invasive agricultural bugs in general.
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Extra resources for Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies: Lures, Area-Wide Programs, and Trade Implications
Suspensa (Burditt and McGovern 1979; cited in Cunningham 1989). Despite intense screening, no male attractant was identified in both the investigations. 2 Bactrocera While most species in the genus remain untested, Bactrocera has been broadly categorized into three groups of species based on male response to two very potent attractants (Drew 1974; Hardy 1979; Drew and Hooper 1981; White and ElsonHarris 1992; Fig. 5). Nearly 200 species have been identified as CL/RK responders and 81 species as ME-responders (IAEA 2003).
1975) exposed B. dorsalis males to ME as well as 34 analogs and found that ME elicited the greatest feeding response. The powerful attraction of this lure was further demonstrated by (a) a simple test in which approximately 1 nanogram (10À9 g) of ME spotted on a silica gel TLC plate placed in the field attracted B. papayae males, which readily consumed the minute amount of attractant (Tan and Nishida 2000); and (b) trap placement for trapping B. dorsalis and B. 5 ml ME/trap and set up using a 4 Â 4 Latin square design in a 5 ha Penang village (a 4-day experiment conducted in two fruiting seasons), showed no significant difference in daily fly captured (flies/trap/day) (Tan 1984).
Both individually and in various blends, these chemicals attracted both sexes of C. capitata, although the olfactory stimuli used bore little resemblance to the emissions of calling males. More thorough chemical analyses (Jang et al. 1989a; Flath et al. 1993) confirmed the presence of the nine components reported by Baker et al. (1985), with one exception, and revealed a pheromonal complexity far greater than previously documented. Jang et al. (1989a) identified a total of 56 compounds from the odor of calling males, and Flath et al.