Download Up and down the Cline — The Nature of Grammaticalization by Olga Fischer (Ed.), Muriel Norde (Ed.), Harry Perridon (Ed.) PDF

By Olga Fischer (Ed.), Muriel Norde (Ed.), Harry Perridon (Ed.)

The elemental notion in the back of this quantity is to probe the character of grammaticalization. Its contributions specialize in the subsequent questions: (i) In how a ways can grammaticalization be thought of a common diachronic procedure or mechanism of switch and in how some distance is it conditioned through synchronic elements? (ii) what's the function of the speaker in grammaticalization? (iii) Does grammaticalization itself supply a reason for swap or is it an epiphenomenon, i.e. a conglomeration of causal factors/mechanisms which somewhere else happen independently? (iv) whether it is epiphenominal, how will we clarify that related pathways so usually take place in recognized instances of grammaticalization? (v) Is grammaticalization unidirectional? (vi) what's the nature of the parameters guiding grammaticalization? the general goal of the e-book is to complement our knowing of what grammaticalization does or doesn't entail through precise case experiences together with theoretical and methodological discussions.

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Additional info for Up and down the Cline — The Nature of Grammaticalization

Sample text

Roma, Elisa (1999). ” Archivio Glottologico Italiano, 84, 1–35. Traugott, E. C. (1994). “Grammaticalization and Lexicalization”. In R. Asher & J.

B1 – B2 3. B2 – B3 4. B2 – B3 – B4 5. B2 – B3 B2 6. t t Figure 2. Rightward expansion Figure 3. 18 (34) Martin Haspelmath degree of grammaticalization 1. C1 2. C1 – C2 3. C2 – C3 4. C3 – C4 5. C2 – C3 6. C1 – C2 Figure 4. Leftward expansion (= Antigrammaticalization) But crucially, it has not expanded leftward. Such an example is seen in Figure 4, where the element C first grammaticalizes and then (at stage 5 and 6) antigrammaticalizes. The crucial difference between retraction and antigrammaticalization should be clear.

Familiar” (Norde 2001: 235; Ramat 2001: 396) c. ifs and buts (van der Auwera 2002: 22), iffy (Newmeyer 1998: 274), must (from auxiliary to noun; van der Auwera & Plungian 1998: 117) d. Dutch Is het een hij of een zij? ” (Norde 2001: 235) e. French le pour et le contre, German das Für und Wider (Hagège 2001: 1622) f. Chinese s¯an tóng “the three withs”, sì huà “the four -izations” (Hagège 1993: 210) g. ism “doctrine ending in -ism”, itis “disease ending in -itis” (Ramat 1992: 549) The original sense of ifs must have been “situations in which one uses the word if ”, and the relevant sense of Dutch hij is “person for which one uses the pronoun hij”.

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