Download Urban Governance Voice and Poverty in the Developing World by Nick Devas PDF

By Nick Devas

Poverty and governance are either concerns excessive at the schedule of overseas organisations and governments within the South. With city components accounting for a gradually starting to be percentage of the world's terrible humans, a global workforce of researchers centred their consciousness at the hitherto little-studied dating among city governance and concrete poverty. of their well timed and in-depth exam of ten towns in Africa, Asia and Latin the USA, they exhibit that during many nations the worldwide developments in the direction of decentralization and democratization supply new possibilities for the negative to have a power at the judgements that impact them. in addition they convey how that effect will depend on the character of these democratic preparations and decision-making approaches on the neighborhood point, in addition to at the skill of the bad to arrange. The research concerned interviews with key actors inside and out of doors urban governments, discussions with poverty teams, neighborhood businesses and non-governmental enterprises (NGOs), in addition to analyses of information on poverty, providers and finance. This ebook offers insights, conclusions and sensible examples which are of relevance for different towns. It outlines coverage implications for nationwide and native governments, NGOs and donor companies, and highlights ways that negative humans can use their voice to persuade some of the associations of urban governance.

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Extra resources for Urban Governance Voice and Poverty in the Developing World

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This is illustrated in a number of the city case studies. It is also important to recognize and understand the livelihood systems of the poor – and of the various groups of the poor. Poverty interventions by city governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors need to be built on this understanding (Jones, 1999). Considerable progress has been made in this area, but not much of this understanding has yet filtered through to those who make decisions in national or city government. Research among the urban poor has demonstrated the complex arrangements and networks which those in poverty use in order to survive.

Writers such as Chambers (1995) and Satterthwaite (1995), have criticized conventional approaches to measuring poverty as reductionist, not only for measuring only what is measurable, thereby establishing the measurable as being what is important, but also for ignoring the perceptions of the poor themselves about what constitutes poverty. As a result of focusing on narrow measures of income poverty, professional policy prescriptions tend to emphasize formal income generation, ignoring the livelihood systems of the poor.

Even where the role of civil society has been crucial to the political struggle, once gains have been made there is a tendency for reduced activism and for NGOs to become incorporated by the state as deliverers of services. 9 There has been a similar, if less marked, tendency in South Africa as many of the civil society activists from the era of struggle have made the transition into government. We will return to the role of civil society in Chapter 7. Conclusion The lack of accurate, disaggregated data on the level and trends in poverty at city level is a serious impediment to effective approaches to urban poverty reduction.

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