By Martyn Hammersley
This booklet invitations readers to discover the character of qualitative study, and to realize the various and conflicting varieties it could actually take. It examines how those distinction with quantitative paintings, in addition to how they fluctuate from journalism and resourceful literature. The e-book describes a number of methodological philosophies that experience formed qualitative paintings, in addition to kinds of orientation to be came upon inside of it this day. It deals transparent definitions of keyword phrases and ideas, and in addition an in depth exploration of modern disputes between qualitative researchers, so as to displaying how modifications in perform relate to underlying commitments. This ebook may be an essential source for either new and skilled researchers.
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Additional resources for What Is Qualitative Research?
Secondly, empiricism insists that even in those ﬁelds where knowledge is judged to be possible, research must be strictly limited to questions for which the necessary kind of evidence is currently available. Speculation – knowledge claims not eﬀectively supported by such evidence – must be avoided. There has, however, been variation in what we might call the severity of the empiricism adopted by positivists, in other words in how narrowly they deﬁne the domain of legitimate evidence, and in the restrictions they place upon what kinds of inference can be used to draw justiﬁed conclusions.
Methodological philosophies Constructionism This ﬁnal type of methodological philosophy is even broader and more diverse than the other three. The word ‘constructionism’, or ‘constructivism’, has become widely used in social science over the past twenty or thirty years. What is central, ﬁrst of all, is rejection of any idea that cognition, or even perception, is a process whereby objects and their characteristics, existing in the world, impress themselves upon our understanding. Instead, it is argued that perception and cognition are active processes, in which anything apparently ‘given’ is actually a product of processes of selection and construction.
And, from this point of view, any attempt to ﬁnd universal causal relationships grounded in some ﬁxed human nature or form of society is futile. Instead, the primary focus must be on trying to understand particular people and events in speciﬁc socio-historical circumstances. This is sometimes labeled as an idiographic focus, as against positivism’s concern with nomothetic knowledge – with knowledge of universal, timeless laws. One interpretivist way of thinking about the kind of understanding required in social science derives from hermeneutics.