By Steven Pinker
How does language paintings? How do little ones research their mom tongue? Why do languages switch over the years, making Chaucer's English nearly incomprehensible? Steven Pinker explains the profound mysteries of language by way of determining a deceptively uncomplicated unmarried phenomenon and reading it from each attitude. That phenomenon - the life of standard and abnormal verbs - connects an magnificent array of issues within the sciences and arts: the heritage of languages; the illuminating error of youngsters as they start to talk; the resources of the foremost subject matters within the heritage of Western philosophy; the most recent innovations in selecting genes and imaging the dwelling mind. Pinker is smart of all of this with the aid of a unmarried, strong concept: that language contains a psychological dictionary of memorized phrases and a psychological grammar of artistic principles.
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Extra info for Words and Rules
Pat 'where, place,' beurangkapat 'anywhere' 6. ha 'to where, place,' beurangkaho 'to anywhere' 7. £i '(any) one,' beurangkari 'any (of several)' 8. 1 Glossing Conventions To indicate levels or politeness, some subscripts will be used in the glosses of pronouns and their bound forms. However, the following are not marked with a diacritic: (1) the third person pronoun jih 'he/she/it/they' and its prefixal and suffixal forms ii- and -iih when used for animals or unrespected entities; (2) geu- '3' (from gopnyan 'he/sher') when used for children with the meaning 'youy' or 'one' as in Bek lagee nvan geu-meututo 'Don't like that 3talk (One should not talk like that)'; and (3) first person pronouns, except JsaaThe subscripts and the pronouns to which they are applied are: (vulgar).
In analyzing the data, the technique used is basically descriptive. In explaining certain phenomena, some generative terminologies are used, but by no means is this grammar based on generative theory. The terms are used because they seem familiar to many readers. My goal is to describe Acehnese sentences using my linguistics knowledge, my native speaker's intuition about the language, and my previous experiences doing research on Acehnese, the Gayo and the Alas languages. The descriptions given in this grammar are not entirely syntactic.
Ka teulet saboh peureudee pade raya that. ' (6) neuk - a variant of aneuk 'child, fruit stone, a mini size of an object, an object that comes out from another object;' this word is used for human children and animal youngs, grains, stones (of whatever size), arrows, bullets, bombs, rockets, missiles, fruit stones, and young trees. 25. ywa neuk is often used to mean 'some' or 'a little, very little,' used both for countable and uncountable things. « 26. Duwa neuk ji-bri keu nek. ' 53 27. Duwa neuk treuk ie lang ciriek.