Download Youth Employment in Sierra Leone: Sustainable Livelihood by Pia Peeters, Wendy Cunningham, Gayatri Acharya, Arvil Van PDF

By Pia Peeters, Wendy Cunningham, Gayatri Acharya, Arvil Van Adams

Growing activity possibilities for a wide and becoming variety of youngsters is a key improvement problem for the govt of Sierra Leone. interpreting the availability and insist aspects of the hard work marketplace, this ebook assesses the demanding situations and concepts for making improvements to sustainable livelihood possibilities for early life in post-conflict Sierra Leone.

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Extra info for Youth Employment in Sierra Leone: Sustainable Livelihood Opportunities in a Post-conflict Setting

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Young people in rural areas start work earlier and work more hours than their urban counterparts. 6 Labor Force Participation, by Age, Gender, and Urban-Rural Location labor force participation (percent) 100 80 60 40 20 0 9–14 15–19 male 20–24 age female 25–35 urban 36–65 rural Source: Authors’ calculation based on the 2004 Sierra Leone Integrated Household Survey. 1 Migrants and the Labor Market Migrants are blamed for being “idle” in Freetown. But a closer look at the data shows that migrants are actually more integrated into the labor market than nonmigrants.

The largest increase in formal sector employment occurs between ages 20–24 and 25–35, allowing time for young workers to cycle through unpaid, self-employed, and informal wage work to build up the labor connections and experience to secure a formal sector wage job. Higher formal sector employment of men is partly the result of higher education levels; if female education levels were equal to those of men, the gap between men’s and women’s formal sector employment would be 43 The Transition from School to Work much smaller.

Notably, while young people have shorter unemployment duration than adults, the duration still lasts two years on average. The traditional International Labor Organization definition of unemployment— the proportion of the labor force in a particular age group that is looking for a job—is more appropriate in OECD countries than in Sierra Leone or Sub-Saharan Africa. Unemployment rates fail to capture discouraged workers, high inactivity rates in the labor market, and the quality of work. A large number of young people are inactive in the labor market (not working, not in school, and not looking for work).

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